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LESSONS:

Cambodia: Second Education Sector Development Program

sector: Education | country: Cambodia

A number of important program- and project-related lessons were listed in the project completion report (PCR), and this validation supports them. In particular, civil works education projects must have strong and informed supervisory and monitoring systems in place, staffed by trained and competent personnel to enforce quality standards. If community supervision is used, then there must be orientation and training for these members. There were no clear penalty clauses in the construction contracts and so sanctions for poor-quality work could not be imposed. Consultancy inputs, which were not mobilized concurrently as a team, created difficulties in providing cohesive support. One lesson that can be drawn here may be the need for greater support from consultants for similar projects in the future.

A clear gender and ethnic minority action plan (GEMAP) must be provided at inception, along with robust reporting systems and designated focal persons (international and local), for dealing with gender and ethnic minorities issues. In an annex, the PCR should have given a detailed report on this against the GEMAP targets, and gender-disaggregated data to appear in all project reports, including quarterly and annual progress reports.

To ensure sustainability, it is also important that policy initiatives are supported by ongoing policy and institutional reforms.

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