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LESSONS:

CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project: Completion Report

sector: Transport | country: Kyrgyz Republic Tajikistan

1. Project engineering design. To avoid potential cost overruns during the project implementation period, the engineering design of roads at the project preparation stage should be based on the most reliable traffic forecasts and sufficient geological and climate surveys to enable the preparation of realistic designs without the need to amend them later. Road safety issues should be identified during the project design period in consultation with local communities, and features that enhance road safety, including on sidewalks and at bus shelters, should be adequately reflected in the project design. [Main text, para. 52]

2. Border infrastructure improvement. The benefits of good infrastructure at border crossings can be fully realized only when countries on both sides of a border fund complementary investments and when their border control agencies cooperate. Projects should support the construction and renovation of border-crossing points in a country where investments to upgrade complementary facilities on the other side of the border have been completed or are nearing completion. [Main text, para. 53]

3. Performance-based maintenance (PBM). Implementing PBM contracts requires sufficient preparation and time for transition. More attention should be given to PBM readiness and to such important factors as allocating proper budgets, developing institutional frameworks, establishing legislation and procedures, recruiting qualified consultants, mitigating negative effects on road maintenance units, and fostering local private contractors. In both countries, the PBM pilot testing was delayed mainly because of the lack of experience and knowledge of the executing agencies. When introducing new concepts and practices to a country, ADB should provide adequate technical support and consider well the local administrative system and situation and share global best practices, as well as including such activities as organizing a study tour and assisting in systematic implementation of related reforms for the whole sector. [Main text, para. 54]

4. Road safety and road asset management. Road safety and road asset management components should be included in all future transport projects because they are essential to the sustainability of projects and to their effectiveness. As road safety involves various agencies, the design and implementation arrangements for this component should be based on extensive discussions with all related agencies and policy dialogue with high-level government bodies. Similarly, comprehensive road asset management plans should be developed during project design in consultation with the agencies responsible for road assets development and for operation and maintenance. [Main text, para. 55]

5. Regional project. This project was designed as a regional project including two countries. A joint effect was observed by executing the two countries’ projects simultaneously, yet different institutional frameworks and different effective procedures were required in the two countries. Thus, full agreement among stakeholders is necessary in designing future regional projects. [Main text, para. 56]

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