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LESSONS:

Changchun-Harbin Expressway Project (Hashuang Expressway)

sector: Transport | country: China, People’s Republic of

ADB should play a more active role in resettlement supervision and monitoring to ensure that (i) the resettlement plan would be implemented as agreed between government agencies and ADB, and (ii) actions could be formulated and implemented to address the concerns of the affected people. Also, it is essential to ensure that independent agencies monitor the social impact of the resettlement activities during implementation and evaluate the results for at least 2 years thereafter. Such monitoring would assist the executing agency and ADB to prepare a comprehensive resettlement completion report.

While specific access roads were not identified at appraisal, local roads were constructed and upgraded. Poverty areas along the expressway benefited from the expressway, with improved accessibility to transport facilities, making it easier for farmers to transport their products to market. There is a need to include a specific local road component in the project scope to ensure maximum access to the expressway by the rural population and thus maximize poverty reduction and regional economic development.

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