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LESSONS:

Decentralized Elementary Education Project (Sindh)

sector: Education | country: Pakistan

1. To ensure the formulation of a well grounded Project Design, a more thorough preparatory analysis could have been undertaken taking into account local realities such as implementation capacities, relationship between provincial and local governments, willingness to pay and other factors. The project’s scope has been noted to be overambitious given the weak capacities of executing and implementing agencies as well as school management committees and communities. [Main text, paras. 6,33,49(i,iv)]

2. ADB should have provided relevant, timely, and high-quality training to the concerned professional staff of executing and implementing agencies to facilitate effective project implementation. ADB could have been quick to assess and constructively engage in addressing procedural and implementation issues which have reduced efficiency and effectiveness of investment as most of the expected outputs and outcomes were not realized. [Main text, paras. 37,40-42,45,49(ii)]

3. Periodic performance indicators, evaluation, and regular monitoring should have been made an integral part of the project to enable regular assessment of implementation progress. No effective monitoring and evaluation system was provided in the Project Design, which could have triggered early warning on implementation problems and bottlenecks. The lack of a midterm review was also a missed opportunity to revisit and adjust the project design. Likewise, review missions were too few to address implementation issues. [Main text, paras. 6,30,49(iii)]

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