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LESSONS:

Earthquake and Tsunami Emergency Support Project

| country: Indonesia

1. Disaster management support should be based on a needs assessment that should identify and address such implementation problems as the lack of government staff, regulations, or design standards for various physical works.

2. Reconstruction support should be selective and adopt a realistic time frame, with ADB focusing on areas that are unlikely to receive support from other partners.

3. Phasing of reconstruction assistance may be considered, clearly distinguishing the needs of initial emergency response from those of subsequent reconstruction.

4. Proper institutional arrangements and central coordination by one agency are essential. The effectiveness of post-disaster reconstruction depends on the willingness and collaboration of relevant government agencies.

5. Off-budget activities may expedite implementation as on-budget implementation ensures sustainability by establishing an extensive outreach program and building capacity for future reconstruction programs.

6. Flexibility in implementation is essential, as it facilitates the design of need-based reconstruction projects through simplified documentation.

7. Decentralization is essential in effective disaster management. Adapting to emerging needs is desirable in disaster reconstruction.

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