MFF – Madhya Pradesh Power Sector Investment Program (Tranche 1)
sector: Energy | country: India
1. Compliance with environmental requirements associated with ADB assistance can be improved through (i) systematic, ongoing efforts to develop awareness, and periodic capacity enhancement of project staff regarding ADB’s environmental policy, procedures, and requirements; (ii) ensuring timely mobilization and the ongoing participation of environmental experts with the executing agency, consultants, and contractors, beginning during preparation and continuing until loan closure (as appropriate); (iii) systematic supervision, monitoring, data mapping and reporting mechanisms on implementation of environmental safeguards; and (iv) periodic reviews by environment experts associated with the loan to enable timely corrective actions to be taken as needed.
2. Compliance with social safeguards requirements associated with ADB assistance can be improved through (i) advance capacity development of project staff regarding ADB social safeguards policies, procedures, and requirements; (ii) deployment of resettlement experts by the executing agency and consultants throughout the loan period, as appropriate; (iii) engagement of an experienced non-government office to assist with implementation of resettlement activities; (iv) timely supervision, monitoring, evaluation and reporting on implementation of resettlement plans; (v) periodic social safeguards reviews by ADB experts, with corrective actions undertaken, as required; (vi) addressing issues related to temporary impacts from the use of private land for stringing transmission lines and erecting towers, which are perceived by affected persons to be causing permanent impacts in terms of restriction in access to the affected land portion for cultivation, and devaluation of the land and assets under the corridor of impact; and (vii) ensuring disbursement to affected persons of compensation for damage to crops and trees prior to commencing civil works related to stringing of transmission lines.
3. Implementation of infrastructure projects, even in large regions such as Madhya Pradesh, can be successful given (i) proper planning; (ii) effective project monitoring mechanisms; and (iii) the application of skilled, motivated and well-trained personnel. The knowledge and insights gained by Madhya Pradesh Power Transmission Company Limited in this regard can be disseminated to other executing agencies through appropriate forums. The advance procurement actions greatly helped in timely project execution, and should be adopted for future projects. The partnership that was developed with stakeholders (particularly contractors) enabled complex technological and economic issues to be addressed in an exemplary manner, and the approach could be employed in other ADB projects in India. Good project management practices have been followed through sequencing of activities and structuring of work, and efficiency gains have resulted from adoption of enhanced construction management practices that use a formal project management methodology based on global standards.
The program completion report (PCR) identified three lessons related to environment, social safeguards, and project management. Most of the suggestions seem to be improvements in procedures during project implementation, rather than lessons. This validation has no other lessons to offer.