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LESSONS:

Pakistan: Forestry Sector Project [Loan 1403(SF)-PAK]

sector: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development | country: Pakistan

The project completion report (PCR) identifies several lessons from project implementation. First, where an executing agency is unfamiliar with the sector approach, close dialogue with the relevant institutions is needed during the feasibility study and loan processing to ensure that all stakeholders understand the implications of such an approach. Projects such as this require intensive supervision by ADB in the early years and therefore ADB and government staff continuity is essential. Close involvement of resident mission staff is likewise important.

Second, participatory resource management projects involve complex arrangements between beneficiaries, intermediaries such as community-based organizations (CBOs) or nongovernment organizations (NGOs), and implementing agencies. Strengthening and sustaining these relationships require project support over many years. Introducing new beneficiary groups or CBOs toward the end of a project, without clearly defined means of support after project closure, is unlikely to result in sustainable outcomes.

Third, project designs should take into account the implementation capabilities of implementing agencies when a wide range of activities is proposed. The number of community development schemes implemented under the project was well below expectations. Reasons for this include lack of appropriately trained staff in the Department of Forests, Fisheries, and Wildlife (DFFW) and difficulty in contracting out design and supervision work. Overall, this validation concurs with these lessons.

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