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Pakistan: Restructuring of the Technical Education and Vocational Training System Project (North-West Frontier Province)

sector: Education | country: Pakistan

The project completion report (PCR) identifies a number of useful lessons. The present validation supports them in full. These are reiterated here: (i) the project design should be in consonance with the implementation capability of the executing agency, especially when it is the first project, or the executing agency is generally inexperienced; (ii) since excessively complex projects face an exponentially rising risk of failure, this must be avoided unless the problem can only be addressed through an innovative and untried solution; and (iii) subnational operations need to be prepared and processed more cautiously and carefully since their functions and powers are derived from multiple sources with overlapping jurisdictions.

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