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LESSONS:

Road Connectivity Sector I: Project Completion Report

sector: Transport | country: Nepal

Project readiness. Based on the government’s feasibility studies, the project prepared a long list of indicative sample and non-sample projects at appraisal. The engineering designs were completed during implementation. The project cost estimate increased significantly during the detailed design and procurement stage because of several external factors, and this necessitated a reduction in project scope. This indicates that adequate project readiness should be ensured during appraisal, by advancing detailed design and procurement before project approval and agreement signing.

Appropriate procurement packaging and stringent construction management. The project could not enforce international lead joint venture contractor to be present in executing the international competitive bidding (ICB) packages for civil works, whereas national contractors also tended to use subcontractors to implement works. This calls for appropriate procurement packaging so that their size is commensurate to attract the interest and deployment of eligible international and national contractors without causing excessive dependence on joint venture partners and less experienced subcontractors. More stringent and tight contract management is also needed to enforce contractual requirements so timeliness, efficiency, and quality can be ensured.

Land acquisition. The project acquired the land only for the roads’ designed width. During construction, any minor shift of cross section and/or L-section (either longitudinal or vertical) caused changes in land acquisition size and location. This led to deviation in the number of affected households and sizes, requiring additional consultation and acquisition and delaying implementation. This may be avoided by acquiring a slightly wider slip (10%), depending on the elevation and dimensions of the road cross sections.

Progress reporting and monitoring by management. Effective reporting measuring the progress, gaps, and actions to address the gaps can provide an essential tool for senior government officials and ADB staff in providing effective guidance on field activities, and help expedite project implementation.

Performance evaluation system of consultants and contractors. An appropriate mechanism should be developed to regularly measure the performance of consultants and contractors. Such a mechanism can be used for troubleshooting and identifying appropriate corrective measures.

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