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LESSONS:

Second Flood Protection Sector Project

sector: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development | country: Pakistan

The number of participating and implementing provinces, agencies and organizations with different conditions and political economies complicated implementation and made it difficult and time-consuming to reach agreements on key issues. The institutions that ultimately own the infrastructure and are responsible for its operation and maintenance must be the ones that manage the planning, design and implementation.

The authority for the approval process of the subprojects should remain with the institution owning the infrastructure. A centralized approval process was one of the main reasons for delays. Preparation and approval of Planning Commission Proforma I (PC-I) of each and every subproject takes considerable time. The cost of civil works in Sindh, Balochistan and North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is estimated on the basis of a composite schedule of rates that does not match market prices and results in delays in awarding contracts.

Implementation of such complex project, which involves a large number of federal and provincial agencies, requires extra effort in coordination and follow-up of activities from the borrower, executing agencies (EAs), implemeneting agencies (IAs) and ADB.

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