Security Plan for Project Implementation: Techincal Assistance Completion Report
sector: Public Sector Management | country: Afghanistan
The shift away from project security of the TA (technical assistance) in 2012?2014 was necessary to increase the protection of the AFRM (Afghanistan Resident Mission) compound to provide a safer and improved working environment for the international and national staff. During the same period, the executing agencies took more responsibility on project security along with APPF (Afghan Public Protection Force). Further, ADB provided funding within its projects for enhanced security. The bidding documents included provisions for developing and implementing project security measures appropriate to the location and site conditions. Even though Presidential Decree 62 was issued in August 2010, the lack of properly trained APPF personnel still remains a challenge for some projects. While the TA provided important assistance, contractors need to also be better informed during the bidding process about the security conditions so that project security costs may be properly estimated.
Security incidents did occur on selected projects but were well-managed by the GOA (Government of Afghanistan) and the contractors. Improved security assessments and the inclusion of risk management firms could further improve project security. The community engagement aspect of project implementation is another important factor for project security. Involving the community, given the significant poverty and unemployment in many of the areas where ADB projects are being implemented, through construction jobs, community development, and discussions with local government and tribal leaders are an important factors to ensure project security.