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LESSONS:

Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: Support the Implementation of the Poverty Reduction Program II

sector: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development, Education, Finance, Health, Public Sector Management | country: Viet Nam, Socialist Republic of

The Independent Evaluation Department (IED) agrees with the project completion report’s (PCR) identification of lessons concerning ADB participation in the Poverty Reduction Support Credit (PRSC) operations, including additional lessons relating to the need (i) to identify opportunities for greater ADB involvement (e.g., thru the provision of technical assistance (TA) by ADB specialists) to achieve maximum leverage; and (ii) for ADB to engage in analytical work beyond the scope of the PRSC framework to push for reforms in difficult areas such as banking and state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

To enhance the relevance of program design and formulation, performance targets for components and/or subcomponents of a program need to be clearly stated and assessed. For example, a change in the financing of health services alone does not guarantee a sustainable improvement in health indicators, since performance in the health sector is determined by a host of other factors related to equity, quality, and sustainability. These are basic concerns of national and local health sector management and, ultimately, of modern governance.

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