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LESSONS:

Special Evaluation Study on ADB’s Social Protection Strategy

sector: Health | country: | region: Regional

1. Sustained social protection policy dialogue and focused lending and nonlending support in noncrisis years is critical for the establishment of effective and efficient national social protection policies and systems. Sustained policy dialogue is needed to raise awareness of the importance of social protection and prioritize government initiatives towards achieving inclusive growth. [Main text, para. 157]

2. ADB’s social protection interventions generally lacked sufficient attention to monitoring and evaluation frameworks, and only one (Philippines CCT) supported a rigorous impact evaluation. Project evaluations of social protection support showed good performance in such areas as pensions TA and social protection knowledge work, and generally mixed performance in other areas. Lack of impact evaluations makes it difficult to demonstrate the development effectiveness of social protection support to either the ADB Board or Management or to potential clients in Asian and Pacific DMCs. [Main text, para. 158]

3. A growing body of evidence shows that social protection, particularly safety nets targeted at the poor, reduces poverty; improves nutrition, health, and education; promotes greater equity; and is affordable. Some countries in the region have started to develop, expand, or reform social protection policies and programs within their development plans to support inclusive growth and/or as part of efforts to scale back unsustainable and regressive broad-based subsidies. The demand for ADB support can be expected to grow if ADB is able to provide the right expertise and policy dialogue at the right time. [Main text, para. 160]

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