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LESSONS:

Tonle Sap Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project

sector: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Rural Development | country: Cambodia

The Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project (RWSSP2) is being implemented in a much more focused geographic area, and in a more holistic manner, covering all villages in each selected commune and aiming at 100% water supply coverage and 75% sanitation coverage in order to achieve the intended collective health benefits;

To maximize cost effectiveness, the first emphasis of RWSSP2 is the rehabilitation of wells in disrepair;

RWSSP2 will only support the rehabilitation of non-functioning community ponds, rather than the construction of new ponds;

To offer a more consistent, harmonized approach to nongoverment organization (NGO) support, the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD) has engaged one NGO to provide support for all provincial teams, instead of hiring individual NGO teams to support each provincial department of rural development (PDRD);

Recognizing the low capacity and high level of effort required for monitoring and evaluation (M&E), an international M&E firm has been engaged under RWSSP2 to work alongside MRD M&E officers to develop systems and build capacity; and

Subsidies for household sanitation will be offered, but will be very strictly and transparently targeted at those households measured as �poor level I� and �poor level II� using the Ministry of Planning’s national Identification of Poor Households targeting mechanism. This is a proxy means test that measures easily observable household characteristics and assets and is
implemented in all 24 provinces.

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