Vocational Education Strengthening Project: Completion Report
sector: Education | country: Indonesia
Given the range of physical, nonphysical, and capacity building activities throughout the project duration, the formulation of appropriate indicators measuring the project’s outcomes should have been more realistic in line with the sequencing of project implementation activities. Much of the quality impacts, such as improved exam scores and employment rates, were beginning to take effect only toward the end of project implementation, following the completion of upgrading physical facilities, improvement of teachers’ qualifications, and adoption of new teaching methods.
Given the complexity of the project activities that were implemented across 90 model and 230 alliance schools throughout the nation, the project design could have considered more efficient implementation arrangements in procuring equipment for all the schools. The initial arrangement of central procurement through NCB (national competitive bidding) method turned out to be very time-consuming and less effective. More thorough due diligence for procurement arrangements would have facilitate smoother implementation of project activities at lower costs.
Since major project activities were managed by the schools themselves, a specific approach should have been designed to provide remedial support to relatively poor performing schools such as additional capacity development programs, especially in planning and management practices, monitoring and evaluation.
The delayed start of establishing EMIS (Education Management Information System) across model vocational schools prevented the adequate gathering of data throughout the project duration. Although an M&E specialist was also recruited to independently monitor and evaluate project activities, the project performance management system and specific measures for key output and outcome indicators were not all adequately developed. This makes it difficult to fully assess the progress of some indicators or the quality of outputs achieved.