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LESSONS:

Water Supply and Sanitation Rehabilitation Projects Phase I and Phase II

sector: Water and Other Urban Infrastructure and Services | country: Timor-Leste

A strong partnership between the project management unit (PMU) and ADB, coupled with close monitoring of the projects, was effective in solving problems.

A strong sector organization and competent staff are needed to implement and sustain water supply and sanitation (WS&S) sector development plans and projects. For effective human resource capacity building, the organization must be well structured and function properly.

Flexibility is required when designing sector programs in a post-conflict country such as Timor-Leste. Implementing projects takes longer when the institutional capacities are uncertain.

Non-government organizations (NGOs) can be effective partners of the government and the communities in implementing community-managed water supply and sanitation (WS&S) projects by providing technical and institutional assistance.

Officials at the national, district, and community levels should become involved early in projects, and should be encouraged to give people a sense of ownership and responsibility for the success and sustainability of projects.

Sanitation is a necessary component along with health and hygiene education for maximizing health benefits from water supply projects. However, sanitation is not given enough attention, as the low coverage and small number of projectsimplemented demonstrated.

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